Have you ever experienced hair loss in specific areas of your scalp? If yes, you may be experiencing localized alopecia. Alopecia refers to hair loss, and the word “localized” suggests that it occurs in a specific area. While hair loss can be a common occurrence, it is essential to know its cause. There are several reasons why someone might lose hair in specific areas. Here’s a look into localized alopecia, how it happens, and what you can do to prevent it.

What is Localize Alopecia?

Alopecia is hair loss or baldness in a specific area of the scalp. Localized alopecia can be caused by various factors such as stress, hormonal changes, medication, infection, genetics, and even autoimmune diseases. In some cases, it may be temporary, while in others, it can become permanent.

How Does Localized Alopecia Happen?

Localized alopecia can happen due to a variety of factors. Here’s a look into each one of them:

Traction Alopecia

You might develop traction alopecia if you style your hair tightly or use hair extensions religiously. It occurs when someone pulls their hair, causing damage to the hair follicles. The resulting scar tissue leads to hair not growing back in that area. Traction alopecia typically occurs in areas that experience constant tension. For instance, braids, ponytails, and extensions can stress your hairline, causing hair loss. The easiest solution is to stop pulling your hair and hairstyles that cause undue stress.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune disorder that leads to hair loss on the scalp and other body parts. It happens when the immune system attacks hair follicles, losing hair. In most cases, the hair loss is temporary, and hair regrows after a few months. Treatments like corticosteroids, topical immunotherapy, and anthralin can help manage alopecia areata.


Do you find yourself pulling out hair from specific areas when stressed? If yes, you might have trichotillomania, which is a hair-pulling disorder. It often starts in childhood, and the individual has a strong urge to pull out hair from their scalp and other body parts. Over time, this constant hair-pulling can lead to hair loss in the areas affected. Cognitive behavior therapy, medications, and emotional support can help manage trichotillomania.

Scalp Infections

Scalp infections like folliculitis, tinea capitis, and seborrheic dermatitis can cause localized hair loss. Folliculitis, for instance, is an infection of the hair follicles, which causes itchy red bumps around the hair follicles.

Tinea capitis is a fungal infection that causes scaly patches on the scalp, leading to hair loss in the area affected. Seborrheic dermatitis is a common scalp condition that causes dandruff and itchy, sensitive skin. The good news is that these conditions are treatable, and hair growth can return.

Nutritional Deficiencies

Lack of proper nutrition can result in hair loss in some regions of the scalp. For instance, a lack of iron, vitamins B12, and zinc can lead to hair loss. These vitamins are essential for hair follicle growth and survival, and their deficiencies can result in hair loss. Therefore, maintaining a balanced diet and taking supplements can help manage hair loss caused by nutritional deficiencies.


Thankfully, there are various ways to prevent this disorder. Here are three ways:

Hair Serums

One of the best ways to prevent alopecia is to rejuvenate the hair using hair serums. The best option is an argan oil hair serum. Argan oil comes from the argan tree and is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and vitamin E. It can help nourish and revive your damaged hair follicles while providing UV protection.

Avoid Hair Treatments

Harsh hair treatments such as bleaching, perming, and straightening can also cause localized alopecia. Therefore, wait sometime before indulging in these treatments if you are already experiencing hair thinning in specific areas.

Stay Away from Stress

Stress has been linked to increased levels of cortisol hormone in the body which can cause localized alopecia. Try to practice stress management techniques like yoga or breathing exercises whenever you feel overwhelmed.

Localized alopecia is a common condition and can happen due to various reasons. Knowing the cause of hair loss can help you take preventive measures and find an effective treatment. If you suspect localized alopecia, consult a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment.