It is a no brainer that we need good vision to go about our daily activities. Regardless of whether you are a student or professional, most of the work we do in this day and age requires us to spend a lot of time in front of a computer screen. College students commonly burdened with tough assignments that require extensive research on the internet and are the most prone to eye strain and the development of visual strain. If you fall under this category you should know that eye health is of paramount importance and you can unburden yourself of some math assignments by visiting a homework site to help cut down on the number of hours you spend on the computer. However, we should all get our eyes examined regularly even if we are not students.

There is a misconception that eye exams only test for impairment. That could not be further from the truth. Eye tests can also help identify underlying health issues. Whenever you unusual change in your vision or any discomfort it is advisable that you visit an ophthalmologist immediately.

Who should get their eyes checked more frequently?

People who have a history of eye problems in their family, are diabetic or just simply wear glasses have a greater need for frequent eye check-ups. The frequency would vary depending on the severity of the individual’s eye problems. A doctor would recommend more visits for diabetic and hypertension patients or for individuals working in visually demanding environments like welding workshops.

Typically, a doctor would inquire about a patient’s medical history, eye-problem history in the patient’s family, and the symptoms that the patient is experiencing during an eye examination. 

Common tests carried out during an eye examination

The following is a general breakdown of the common tests performed in an eye clinic.

Visual-acuity test

This is the most common test and it is used to establish how well a person can see. A patient is put in front of a chart either close range or at a distance and told to read the letters on the chart. The smaller letters are commonly used to test one eye at a time.

Eye pressure test

This is a crucial test done to patients that reveal symptoms of having glaucoma. Glaucoma is a condition that causes damage to the optic nerve. During the test, the in-tracular (fluid pressure) of the eye is measured.

Slit-lamp test

This test is used to detect several eye diseases like cataracts and corneal ulcers. During the test, the doctor uses an instrument to magnify the different parts of the eyes like the cornea and iris to check for symptoms of the diseases.

Fundoscopy test

Here the doctor puts dilating eye drops to the patient’s eyes to widen the pupil to allow the doctor to access the back part of the eyes. The back part of the cornea, retina, retinal blood vessels and the optical nerves can only be accessed through this method. Ophthalmologists recommend that all diabetic patients should have regular fundoscopy tests even if they do not display symptoms of any eye disease. This is because diabetic patients are prone to a disease known as diabetic retinopathy that usually causes blindness.

Depending on your age and health, the doctor may recommend you to undergo more specialized eye examinations. Eye tests are not for people with poor vision. Regular examinations at the right time can save one’s eyes from deterioration. 

A healthy vision is essential to people of all gender, age, and occupations. Ensure you get yourself tested soon.